The Independent Market Observer

Where Bear? There Bear!

Posted by Brad McMillan, CFA®, CFP®

Find me on:

This entry was posted on Mar 12, 2020 2:40:59 PM

and tagged Commentary

Leave a comment

bearMy son has a stuffed bear he got when he was quite small (from Commonwealth, as it happens). We used to play a game where the bear would sneak up on him. “Where bear? There bear!” Well, the bear is now here. We have finally seen the end of the bull market, with the Dow dropping 20 percent from its highs and the S&P 500 following today. We are officially in a bear market, with all that implies. Stock markets around the world are down again today on the news.

There are a few reasons for this new decline. The U.S. cut off travel to Europe for the next 30 days, as announced yesterday by President Trump. New COVID-19 cases popped up over the past two days to daily levels we have not yet seen in this crisis. The World Health Organization officially classed the coronavirus as a pandemic. The NBA suspended its season. Plus, on the celebrity front, Tom Hanks and his wife announced they now have the coronavirus.

So, where do we go from here? Are things going to keep getting worse? If so, how much worse? And is there any reason to believe we may be close to a bottom?

Close to maximum impact?

From a public knowledge perspective, it is hard to see how much worse the viral crisis could get. At this point, almost everyone in the country who is paying attention knows about the problem, knows about the risks, and knows in some detail about what to do to mitigate those risks. We are at maximum public awareness—and probably at least close to maximum public fear. Between Mr. Hanks and the NBA, I think the CDC has effectively educated the public. Here in the U.S., at least, we are probably close to a bottom.

Given this maximum awareness, I would suggest we may also be close to maximum economic and market impact. The actual number of infections and deaths remains relatively small in the U.S.—the impact has been more around what might happen in the future. In other words, it’s about fear. With fear at a maximum, there simply may not be much more room for short-term declines. If the public fear stabilizes, so too could markets.

There are other reasons to believe stabilization might be likely. First, from a valuation perspective, the stock market is getting close to its cheapest level since about 2016. Second, looking at the data, we appear to be approaching some major resistance levels. Third, with many stocks now having dividend yields above the 10-year U.S. Treasury, the financial rationale for owning stocks keeps getting stronger. If fear stabilizes, or even recedes, stocks will once again become a rational buy.

What about the fundamentals?

Another reason for cautious optimism is that, so far, the fear we see in the markets has not translated to the economy itself. As of last month, hiring was still strong and confidence high. More recently, reported layoffs are still low, and weekly confidence reports continue to be strong. The fundamentals remain solid, despite the headlines and the stock market declines. Again, if the fear recedes, solid fundamentals should act as a cushion against any further damage.

There are no guarantees here, and things could get worse. If the number of cases continues to increase, the economic damage will go from hitting confidence to something worse. If the economy deteriorates, markets will reflect that shift. Over time, markets do follow the fundamentals. As such, if the pandemic gets worse, so will they. Indeed, there is a real prospect that things will get worse until the pandemic is contained.

Is the bear just passing through?

When the pandemic is contained, however, the fact that markets follow fundamentals is also a reason to be cheerful. Bear markets are typically quite short when the economic fundamentals remain solid. If the pandemic is quickly brought under control, a solid economy could drive a quick recovery. We have had only two bear markets in the absence of a recession, in 1962 and 1987. In both cases, while the downturn was sharp (as we have just experienced), the recovery was relatively quick. So far, the economic news says that we are not headed for a recession—and if that is the case, the bear may not be here to stay.

With my son, when the bear showed up, they both settled in for a nightlong sleep. But in this case, we must keep an eye on the bear. If the spread of the virus can be contained reasonably quickly, then based on what we know so far, the bear may just be passing through.

Subscribe via Email

New call-to-action
Crash-Test Investing

Hot Topics

New Call-to-action



see all



The information on this website is intended for informational/educational purposes only and should not be construed as investment advice, a solicitation, or a recommendation to buy or sell any security or investment product. Please contact your financial professional for more information specific to your situation.

Certain sections of this commentary contain forward-looking statements that are based on our reasonable expectations, estimates, projections, and assumptions. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve certain risks and uncertainties, which are difficult to predict. Past performance is not indicative of future results. Diversification does not assure a profit or protect against loss in declining markets.

The S&P 500 Index is a broad-based measurement of changes in stock market conditions based on the average performance of 500 widely held common stocks. All indices are unmanaged and investors cannot invest directly in an index.

The MSCI EAFE (Europe, Australia, Far East) Index is a free float‐adjusted market capitalization index that is designed to measure the equity market performance of developed markets, excluding the U.S. and Canada. The MSCI EAFE Index consists of 21 developed market country indices.

One basis point (bp) is equal to 1/100th of 1 percent, or 0.01 percent.

The VIX (CBOE Volatility Index) measures the market’s expectation of 30-day volatility across a wide range of S&P 500 options.

The forward price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio divides the current share price of the index by its estimated future earnings.

Third-party links are provided to you as a courtesy. We make no representation as to the completeness or accuracy of information provided on these websites. Information on such sites, including third-party links contained within, should not be construed as an endorsement or adoption by Commonwealth of any kind. You should consult with a financial advisor regarding your specific situation.


Please review our Terms of Use

Commonwealth Financial Network®