One of the ways I am trying to control my screen-induced ADD is by making myself sit down and read more. It has been surprisingly difficult, as I have apparently largely lost my ability to sit down and concentrate on a book for a period of time. Now that I think of it, this is something that may have been due more to my small son than to screens. In any event, now that he is old enough that we can sit and read together, I am making the effort to relearn concentration.
The effort is worth it in many cases, particularly for the book I just finished. The Rational Optimist, by Matt Ridley, is a detailed, hardheaded, and thorough look at what got the world where it is now. As the book proves, it’s the best place we have ever been, and it explains why things are more than likely to get even better over the next century. As a detailed response to the current doomsayers, and an even more detailed examination of why they have been wrong in the past, this book is without equal.
Some key takeaways
First, the magnitude of how far we have come, even in the past 20 years or so, in improving the human condition is reported almost nowhere. Good news doesn’t sell, so no one—certainly not me, who makes a point of keeping up on this sort of thing—has any idea just how much better things actually are. People are richer, healthier, living longer, more entertained, and so on. On almost every metric, the improvement has been phenomenal.
Second, in every decade, there has been some well-reported, well-reasoned case as to why we are all doomed. Paul Ehrlich, author of The Population Bomb, is repeatedly called out, but there are many other examples as well. It pays to look back at history and see how predictions actually played out. Over the long run, the doomsayers have been wrong in the past.
Third, and perhaps most important, Ridley lays out a convincing thesis on why this improvement has occurred over a period of millennia, and why the doomsayers are likely to keep being wrong.
The “outside view”
But the real benefit of the book, in my opinion, is that it offers the kind of “outside view” around big issues that provides both context and guidance. I have written before about Kahneman’s work on how to avoid bad decisions and how cultivating an outside view is one of the best ways to do that. Ridley’s comprehensive and detailed look back gives that context and, in conjunction with the framework around specialization and exchange that he uses, allows the reader to internalize that context as well.
That’s not to say I agree with everything in here. With my well-known (and well-earned) nickname of Eeyore here at Commonwealth, you might expect that. Even where I disagree, though, Ridley’s arguments make me think much more deeply about why I disagree—and why I might in fact be wrong. This is what I look for in a book like this: an argument powerful enough to make the reader deeply question his or her own conclusions.
Verdict: Highly recommend
Read this book if you want to feel significantly more optimistic about the future. Read this book if you want to have a much larger context as you read the news. Read this book as an antidote to shorter-term concerns. I very much enjoyed it and heartily recommend it.
One final note. When you buy books, or anything really, on Amazon, give some thought to going to smile.amazon.com. This site (part of Amazon) automatically donates part of your purchase price to a charity you select. As a painless way to helping a cause you already support, with money you are going to spend anyway, I recommend it highly.